WHAT IS ERGONOMICS? Ergonomics is majorly the study of how a workplace finds its structures, and how the equipment and materials used can bring comfort, efficiency, safety and maximum productivity.
In health and safety, its mandatory that we take cognisance of how to effectively improve workplace structures in other to have a comprehensive level of comfort which increases productivity while carrying out our daily task.
Ergonomic can be regarded as a physical factor in the environment which poses a harmful threat to the musculoskeletal system.
The field of ergonomic is a very broad and requires rapt attention
Here is how to handle ergonomics and the major areas that stand as a threat in the workplace to employees are:
Computer systems and the mouse: ergonomic demands that there should be a well-structured platform for the computer to be able to have a smooth operation to reduce employees injuries while maintaining safety policy and achieving satisfaction and productivity.
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Layout and operation of equipment: layout and operation demands a well-detailed analysis with practical illustration to control or eliminate certain ergonomic threat, and as well maintain operational efficiency
Noise: it is important to have a controlled measure over noise level and workers exposure in the workplace. It is equally important to maintain a noise conservative threshold.
To ensure noise control, we must first identify the zones with noise as well as find affected employees.
It is important to ensure strict compliance with noise regulation bodies in other to have a safe environment for employees as noise can subject people to the loss of hearing and can as well become community pollution in the long run.
Lighting: adequate lighting is required in an office settings in other to have a smooth operation. About 85 per cent of information is passed through the sense of sight.
To avoid these factors that pose as great risk in the workplace, the workplace environment requires adequate lighting that does not give a harsh glare or set off shadow.
This will help the reduction of eye fatigue and headache.
Workplace incidents can be prevented by bringing more illumination to the office space to avoid cases of momentary blindness.
Sitting position: every worker deserves to sit comfortably by adjusting the elbows, knees, ankles and the hips, as this helps the flow of blood through the body for proper circulation bearing in mind that sedentary lifestyle is already a risk to their health.
Ensuring the purchase of good office furnitures will help to reduce the overall risk faced thereby aiding posture and ultimately blood circulation.
When laying building plans, purchasing office space or purchasing equipments for the workplace, employers must ensure that employees comfort and needs are the guild to making informed decisions for workplace structures.
If employees needs are highly prioritized, this will eventually translate to an overall high turn around time and productivity at the workplace.
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